Respirator

0
1697
atemschutzmaske_copyright

Respirator

If you breathe in acids, gases or fine dust, this becomes extremely hazardous to health. The skin problem is that the mentioned pollutants are almost invisible to the breathing air. Provide a reasonable safety protection Respirator different filter systems, so as to prevent them from becoming lungs and the bloodstream. For the fine dust there is both the standard cup shape as well as half masks with an integrated filter. Which of the different respiratory protection masks is right for you, depends on the protection levels.

The protection levels for respiratory protection masks are divided into three categories

FFP1:

Respiratory protection mask, which are classified as FFP1, offer only a small degree of protection of such respiratory protection mask are generally used in the case of work disturbing smoke or dust which is not harmful to health.

  • Protection against dust
  • Protection against non-fibrogenic dust
  • maximum 25% total leakage
  • 4-Exceeded the workplace limit value

The disposable masks, marked with FFP1, are suitable for a working environment where no fibrogenic dusts are to be expected. The respirator mask of category FFP1 filter up to 80% of the particles in the air. For occupational safety, this respiratory mask may only be used up to a maximum of 4 times the workplace limit value.

FFP2:

A medium protection against solid, liquid and harmful particles is provided by FFP2 respiratory protection mask. These respiratory masks are used with most power tools and have a sufficient protective effect

  • Protection against solid dust
  • Protection against liquid harmful dust, aerosols and smoke
  • Protection against fibrogenic particles
  • maximum 11% of total leakage
  • maximum 10-exceeding of the workplace limits

In the case of fine dust masks marked with the FFP2 grade, these are ideal for a working environment where substances and substances that are harmful to health are modified. This FFP2 respirator must contain at least 94% of airborne particles. The fine dust masks of the FFP2 protection stage are used in mining and the metal industry in particular. In these cases workers are exposed to fog, toxic fumes and aerosols. These substances are the basis for the development of long-term respiratory diseases such as lung cancer. But also the risk of developing a disease such as active lung tuberculosis is high

FFP3:

Respiratory protection mask resp. Respiratory protection filters such as miraculously the safety level FFP3 are protect against solid, liquid especially toxic particles. The respiratory protection mask of the FFP3 stage is intended to protect against, in particular, radioactive substances, arteries, their enzymes from carcinogens.

  • Protection against solid dust
  • Protection against cancerous pollutants
  • Protection against radioactive pollutants
  • Protection against viruses & bacteria
  • Protection against fungus pores
  • Maximum 5% total leakage
  • Maximum 30 exceeds the specified workplace limit value

Respiratory protective masks, which are part of the FFP3 protection class, provide the user with maximum protection. Due to the fact that the total leakage is limited to 5%, at least 99% of the particles are filtered. The respirator mask of the class FFP3 can be used everywhere, primarily in the chemical industry. The working limit may not exceed 30

To which protection level the respiratory protection mask belongs, it is known at the break-up directly at the respiratory mask. The respiratory mask can also be appropriately color-coded. The color yellow stands for the safety level FFP1. At the middle safety level, the respirator mask is marked with the color blue for FFP2. the highest safety level FFP3 for respiratory protection mask is marked with the color red.

It special protection for special applications?

Anyone working with solvent-containing substances should use a special respiratory protection mask. The special respiratory protection mask is subdivided into the following criteria:

  • Respiratory protection against organic gases and vapors (A)
  • Respiratory protection against organic gases and vapors (B)
  • Respiratory Protection Acids (E)
  • Respiratory protection against ammonia (K)
  • Combine Respiratory Protection (ABEK)

What are the different respiratory masks?

Cupcake mask:

The cup mask is a fine dust which should be particularly stable. Due to the special stability, this can be set up quickly and you can be put on by the fact that we can place the cup mask with one hand, is very suitable for the daily operation.

Faltmasken:

If you are frequently on the road and only need respiratory protection on the basis of the category FFP1, you can also use a folding mask. Wrinkle masks can be kept space-saving. Fold masks of sweat absorbing padding.

Special masks:

Special masks include the half mask and the full masks.

The half mask and the full mask provide the most effective protection against hazardous vapors and gases. Which protection level the half mask or full mask has depends on the built-in filter. These filters are either permanently integrated or can be lifelessly exchanged according to your application.

These respiratory masks are usually equipped with high-quality filter systems so that the respiratory resistance can be kept low.

What should you consider when buying a respiratory mask?

Anyone who does not need his respiratory mask regularly or not every day can rely on the purchase of disposable masks. If, however, the respiratory mask is used frequently or daily, the purchase of a reusable mask is profitable in a very short time.

When purchasing a respiratory mask, a valve should be considered. The valve ensures that the user has sufficient oxygen supply and at the same time prevents the glasses from leaking at the leaks due to the escape of the breathing air.

Of course, you must pay attention to the area in which the respiratory mask is to be used. To this extent, the buyer must deal with the criteria of the protective classes.

The respiratory protection mask - from the protection of man not to imagine

The Respirator has also got other names depending on their use. In the vernacular, she is also known as oxygen mask or as gas mask designated. It is also referred to as the ABC protective mask in civilian emergency services such as the fire brigade and the THW. Today, she also bears this name in the military field. In the NVA of the former GDR, the respirator became official Troops Mask called. It is an effective protective agent against all types of toxins that can be absorbed by the body via the respiratory air. The respirator is subdivided into the full mask and the half or quarter masks. A special feature is the particle-filtering half-mask. The quality of the individual types of respiratory mask is specified in various standards. These include EN 136, EN 149 and EN 140. Thereafter, they can be made of silicone or rubber. Both offer a much higher level of safety than the masks that were previously made of leather or textile materials. With the respiratory masks, a distinction is made between air-dependent and non-recirculation-dependent models. Also, a differentiation after the Pressure mask and the Normal pressure mask performed. On the one hand, the respiratory masks are required by the military, where the soldiers can be protected against toxins and also the ingredients of chemical or biological weapons. The fire brigade is also not without respiratory masks. Without them in combination with heat protection clothing, it would be inconceivable that firemen could save people from burning houses. But also in the field of general occupational health and safety, the respiratory mask is a useful aid. One need only think about the cleaning of various tanks, where the workers would otherwise be exposed to harmful vapors.

There are different types of respiratory protection mask, such as the full mask and the half mask. They are used by the military, but also by the auxiliary services as well as to the workplace.

The historical development of the respiratory mask

The first precursors of the actual respiratory mask were already at the end of the 19. Century mining. There were used so-called respirators, with the help of which the respiratory tracts of the miners were to be protected from the dusts, which can not be avoided by mining the ore and coal by the underground technique. These were very simple models, in which the dust was removed from the breathing air by means of textile filters. Their first military use was the respiratory mask in the time of the First World War. Here the troops had to be protected from the effects of the enemy's attacks with the first chemical weapons. This necessitated the development of new qualities in the sealing and also in the filters. The first scientist who used carbon filters to clean the respiratory mask was a Russian named Nikolai Dmitriyevich Selinski. His invention dates back to 1915. In the First World War, masks were used which were mainly made of impregnated textile materials. Many models did not yet have the fictitious charcoal filter, but were equipped with a filter of cotton or had no filter. With the advance of the war, the respiratory mask developed further. Filters were invented to absorb various types of chemicals. And because horses in the 1. Were still important "war equipment", they also developed special respiratory protection masks for them. In the Second World War the "gas masks" were developed. They were given in versions for adults and children and were distributed to the civilian population. During this time, the so-called gas protection hoods were also increasingly effective.

The respiratory protection mask represents a further development of the dust protection used in mining. The gas masks have become more and more efficient with new types of filters.

The typical structure of a full mask

The mask body of a full mask consists of rubber or silicone. It has either one or two viewing windows which are connected to the masking body via a sealing frame. Full masks with two viewing windows are mainly used in military applications because they can be transported more space-saving. Furthermore, a full mask has a valve, via which the exhaled air is discharged to the outside. They have an internal mask or air ducts, through which the fresh air enters. It must first pass the breathing filter, which is also a basic component of a full mask. In addition, there is also a talking membrane as well as a banding and optionally a carrying strap. A special form of the banding is able to connect the respiratory mask to a protective helmet. They are mainly used in the fire brigade and in military areas. In the case of the respiratory masks of the military, the harness is often replaced by a rubber cap, which is very flexible. Many masks have a carrying strap. This makes it easy to hang around your neck. In aviation, models with a bracket are standard, with which they can be hung up in range. The presence of the inner mask has above all the background to prevent fogging of the viewing windows. The expert is talking about minimizing the "functional dead space". Where there is no inner mask, the fresh air is led along the air vents to prevent fogging. The full mask also includes the breathing protection hood, which creates a transition to both the helmet and the full protective suit. Without these extras, it is applied in the field of occupational health and safety in construction or can be used as an emergency solution for curse purposes. Half-armed as well as rigid models are widely used in the full mask.

The full mask is made of rubber or silicone and has an inner mask, alternatively an air duct system as well as one or two viewing windows. A subspecies is the respiratory hood.

What is a half mask and a fine dust mask?

The fine dust mask is also referred to as a particle-filtering respirator mask in compartment circuits. It encloses the nose and the mouth of the user as a half mask. This also limits the fields of application, because they do not have a parallel protection of the eyes from toxins and other pollutants like the full mask. Even the possible sealing is not as effective as a full mask can be due to the contours of the nose alone. They are mainly used in the field of occupational health and safety, for example in mining or construction. They are alternatively referred to as dust protection masks and are now completely made of a filtering material. The particle-filtering respiratory protection mask protects the respiratory tract of the wearer in the main case from oily or aqueous aerosols. The filter works according to the electrostatic principle. Since the accumulation of the substances causes an increase in the air resistance, and thus an increased force expenditure is required in the course of time during breathing, there are very specific rules as to how long such a fine dust mask may be worn. The classification of the half mask can be found in the EN 149 standard. It distinguishes the half masks into three classes. In the class FFP-1 the leakage at the valve for exhalation is up to 25 percent. This half mask is only suitable for use in substances which are non-toxic and also not fribogenic. Here, too, the principle is that their concentration is no more than four times the value of what is generally permissible in a workplace. The best protection is provided by the FFP3 half mask, whose leakage can not be more than five percent. It can also be used to protect against radioactive substances and carcinogens, and it also protects against the penetration of micro-organisms into the user's airways. It can be used at concentrations up to 30 times that which is permissible without a protective clothing at a workplace.

The half mask is drawn only over the nose and the mouth. This makes a perfect seal difficult. The half mask is divided into different classes according to the EN standard.

The functioning of the respiratory mask

For the functioning of the respiratory mask, a respiratory filter is used. Half masks can only be obtained with a respiratory filter. These filters, which are usually operated with the electrostatic principle, are used to filter out dusts which accumulate directly on the filter. This results in the disadvantage that an ever greater resistance when inhaling must be overcome. For this reason, the maximum wearing time specified in the Occupational Health and Safety Regulations must be complied with. A further problem arises when the wearer breathes very shallowly. Then, not enough air is exchanged and carbon dioxide can build up inside the half mask. This creates the danger of unconsciousness, which is also referred to as airtrapping in specialist circles. This risk also occurs in the case of circulatory devices which operate according to the principle of pendulum breathing. In the case of respiratory masks with a breathing regulator, the user is induced by the inhalation of a vacuum inside the mask. The respiratory regulator replaces the removed air by pressure equalization. The average pressure to be reached for most respiratory masks is between 4,5 and 8 bar. The recirculated air either passes through the inner mask or through special air ducts past the viewing window (s) and prevents it from fogging. If the user breathes, the inhalation valve is automatically closed and the exhalation valve is opened. In this case, an overpressure in the mask interior, which is generally at 3,5 bar, is maintained by means of a spring load on the exhalation valve. This prevents the penetration of toxins through the exhalation valve and other leakages on the mask. The resistance to be felt during the inhalation is lower for this mask than for the half mask with filter. However, a resistance must be overcome when exhaling.

In the case of respiratory masks with a breathing regulator, an increased force expenditure is necessary when exhaling. In the case of filter masks, the resistance is significantly greater when inhaled.

Which mask systems are there?

The respiratory protection mask distinguishes systems with normal pressure and with overpressure. Both have advantages and disadvantages, which should be weighed against one another before the selection.

In the currently used mask systems, the overprint mask and the normal print mask are differentiated. The normal pressure mask can be recognized by the fact that the coupling for the respiratory regulator has a black or blue marking. Inside the normal pressure mask, the same air pressure prevails as in the outdoor area. The pressure inside the respiratory mask is monitored and corrected by a respiratory regulator. In the case of the normal pressure mask, there is a risk that pollutants can penetrate in small leaks. This is caused by the negative pressure that is generated during inhalation, which must be compensated by the respiratory regulator. On the other hand, the normal pressure mask prevents a loss of larger amounts of air. In an overpressure mask there is an air pressure which is about four mbar above the ambient air pressure. This makes the inhalation much easier, which is particularly noticeable in physical exertion. Positive is also the fact, that by small leaks no pollutants can penetrate. This is due to the fact that basic physical principles ensure a pressure equalization and this happens with the overpressure mask from the inside to the outside. But there is a disadvantage at the same time. Even small leaks ensure an increased consumption of fresh air, which has an effect on the possible operating times of an overpressure mask. For this reason, special inventories were introduced, for example, to the fire brigade and the military, which involved a real-time monitoring of the fresh air supply. The improved technical possibilities of monitoring the air supply and the increased protection against the normal pressure masks have led THW and fire brigade to increasingly use the overpressure systems in the respiratory mask in recent years. It is not possible to mix the connections of the individual types of respiratory protection mask as they are equipped with completely different adapters and threads.

What else you should know about the respiratory mask

The function of the respiratory mask can be affected by the wearing of a pair of glasses or a chin and cheek. Both can cause leakage.

As a spectacle wearer, the mask is always at risk of being leaked through the frame of the glasses. Also the special glasses, which instead of the classic strap rubber bands, can not solve this problem satisfactorily. Eyeglasses that do not have a classic frame but are anchored directly in the mask with the aid of wire irons are a remedy. The optimal solution is personalized respirator masks, in which the lenses replace the spectacle lenses by grinding them in the user's dioptric strength. This fixes the respective respiratory mask on a single user. An exchange, for example, among several firefighters of a train is not possible here. The cost factor also has a negative effect. That the military does not allow the beard and is undesirable at THW and fire service, has something to do with the tightness of the respiratory mask.

Between the hairs of the chin and cheekbones, contaminated air can penetrate. In addition, these leaks caused by the beard affect the correct functioning of the respiratory regulators. Such leaks in the region of the beard can be measured just a few hours after a thorough shave. The fact that the respiratory protection mask is also used with the designation ABC protective mask is the reason why it protects against the atomic, biological and chemical contamination of the airways. However, this is only the case with modern models. In Austria you sometimes hear the word "Zuzz" for the respiratory mask. This has to do with the fact that the filter reminds a little of a pacifier for babies, and that is exactly what is called "Zuzz" in the Volksmund in Austria.

Bestseller no. 1
Heldenwerk respirator in the 5er, 10er or 20er set - premium breathing mask - perfectly adaptable FFP1 mask - fine dust mask, dust mask for grinding etc indicator
  • MOST EFFICIENT PROTECTION - The Herdenwerk face mask conforms to the FFP1 protection class and protects you from dangerous particles in the workplace: both solid and aqueous particles are filtered to effectively prevent serious and permanent diseases!
  • 100% PERFECT SEAT - With the flexible nose bridge, the Heldenwerk respirator can be perfectly adapted to any face shape. So the breathing mask sits absolutely tight and thanks to the pad still comfortable - especially for spectacle wearers, the respiratory protection is ideal!
  • QUALITY SUPPLY - heroes' work stands for quality. This is why the dust mask undergoes strict quality controls and features a premium double coating and a high-quality breathing valve. Your health comes first!
  • VARIABLE APPLICABLE - The Heldenwerk Dust Mask is suitable for renovation and refurbishment work as well as for sawing and dusting, drilling, grinding and the like. Whether for DIY or commercial use: Build on your health!
  • 1 YEAR MONEY BACK - We at Heldenwerk are convinced of our quality and would therefore like to give you an absolutely risk-free order: If you are not satisfied with 100% you will get your money back - up to 1 year after purchase!
Bestseller no. 2
AIRTHLETIC Respiratory Mask Training Mask with 12 Valve Caps [6 black & 6 white] and head straps for extra hold - German Brand Indicator
  • 7 WHITE and 7 BLACK Resistant Caps: The breathing mask is made of skin-friendly stable silicone and nylon. The mask can be easily disassembled and is easy to clean.
  • FIXED STOP by HEAD BELTS and BR: The Training Mask keeps you covered in crossfit, MMA, boxing, cycling, running or strength training. The unit size fits for a weight of 65-100 kg.
  • EFFICIENT TRAINING: Strengthens the respiratory muscles for improved athletic performance. Train your fitness, stamina and condition under tougher conditions.
  • Take your TRAINING to a new level: The interchangeable attachments of the Training Mask simulate altitude training - the supply of breathing air at various altitudes between 900 - 5500 meters.
  • AIRTHLETIC specializes in the development and distribution of special sports equipment for extreme athletes. Are you a beginner? Then the fitness mask is not for me.
SaleBestseller no. 3
Respirator Mask Dust Mask Zelbuck Respirator Mask with Safety Goggles Gas Mask with Filter Against Gases, Vapors and Particles Paint sprayer, artisan, handyman and pesticide sprayer
  • EXTREME PROTECTION: Zelbuck's professional respirators use a dual filtration system to effectively block 96% of organic vapors / gases, pollen, dust and other particles in the air. Get the ideal breathing apparatus for your work!
  • THE PERFECT FIT & COMFORT: Made of food-grade elastic silicone material that gives a pleasant feeling on the skin. Equipped with double elastic headband, which can be easily adjusted. With this mask, breathing becomes as easy as possible. After a few minutes you even forget that you are wearing a mask.
  • APROPROS BARGAINS: Buy our respirator and get premium goggles to protect you from dust, bumps and wind. The half mask offers a wide field of view and complements perfectly with the included glasses.
  • WIDE RANGE OF APPLICATIONS: Chemical, glass, metal, paint, agricultural, formaldehyde and other irritating vapors / gases work areas. Protection against dust particles during mechanical work such as welding, sawing, grinding, graffiti etc.
  • RELAXED SHOPPING: Scope of supply: 1x semi-respirator, 1x safety goggles, 2x replaceable filter cartridge, 6x particulate cotton filter, 2x caps. Zelbuck offers customers professional personal protective equipment in over 45 countries. If you have any problems, you can contact our reliable customer service!
SaleBestseller no. 4
Respiratory mask NASUM protection Half mask for paint spraying, dust, protection Odor reduction for spraying, refurbishment, painting and grinding work Indicator
  • High Quality Material: Made of food grade silicone material, Elastic silicone facial skin provides comfort, durability and stability with a soft but firm seal.
  • Exclusive design from NASUM: The Cool Flow valve reduces heat and moisture to facilitate breathing. Half Facepiece Design offers a wide field of view and compatibility with welding and sanding shields.
  • Scope: Applicable for protection against paint spraying, chemicals, polish, CS mask, sanding, health and epidemic prevention and environmental technology.
  • Satisfaction Guarantee: 100% Satisfaction Guarantee for our Customers. If you have any problems using the protective mask within one month, do not hesitate to contact us. Please send us an e-mail.
  • Scope of supply: This professional respiratory protection set successfully blocks all organic vapors, pollen, dust and other particles in the air. 1xHalbmaske incl. 2x replaceable filter, 2x cotton box, 2x cotton.
Bestseller no. 5
SKYSPER Dust Mask Respiratory Mask Bike Mask Shut Off Valve Dust Mask Fitness Mask PM2.5 for Cycling Training Indicator
  • Replacement filter: porous design, good air permeability. The gas enters through the activated carbon filter and can effectively reduce the ingress of fine dust, exhaust gases and viruses.
  • Material: The fabric feels soft, does not hurt the skin, is soft and elastic, and has shock and heat resistant properties.
  • Valve: Double gas valve design, removable cold-flow expiratory valve, with unidirectional dual-valve functional nasal airway, effectively eliminates moist air in the mask and exhales smoother.
  • Nose bridge: ergonomic design, adjust the face, nose frame can be adjusted to prevent the position of the mask, the mask fall, protection is more in place.
  • Velcro closure: The rear neck velcro design, adjustable size, use more convenient.
Bestseller no. 6
Faburo Respirator Half mask Dust mask Respiratory mask with protective goggles for dustproof Spray paint Spray insecticide indicator
  • 1. Dust mask can be used in chemical plants, printing plants, house decoration and spray in insecticide scenes. In this case, it can effectively prevent dust, particles and organic gases from entering your body.
  • 2. The Dust Mask uses a dual filtration system to effectively block 96% of organic vapors, smoke, pollen, dust and other particles in the air.
  • 3.The goggles are explosion and smoke resistant, which effectively prevents the ingress of dust into the eyes.
  • 4.The dust mask is suitable for a variety of facial types and can be adjusted freely to fit snugly and comfortably, thereby effectively reducing breathing resistance.
  • 5. Please read the instructions carefully before use. The dust mask prevents benzene-based organic gases, dust, particles and smog, especially during renovations.
SaleBestseller no. 7
3M reusable half mask 6002C - half mask with replaceable filters against organic gases, vapors and particles - for paint spraying and machine grinding work
  • The 3M reusable protective mask provides effective protection against organic gases and vapors (protection level A2) as well as against particles (protection level P2)
  • The half mask is ideal for machine sanding or paint spraying work - provides reliable protection even when painting with a brush or paint roller and when sanding machines
  • The half mask is ideal for machine sanding or paint spraying work - provides reliable protection even when painting with a brush or paint roller and when sanding machines
  • Uncomplicated filter change: The filters can be changed quickly and easily thanks to their bayonet click connection and the mask body can be cleaned
  • Scope of delivery: 1 x half mask 6002C incl. 2 easy-change filters / universal size / protection level: A2P2 / Reliable respirator mask against gases, vapors and particles
Bestseller no. 8
Respiratory mask for altitude training by FDBRO, simulates altitude air, suitable for all types of training and sporting activities - M / 70-100KGA display
  • Strengthen your diaphragm: With the FDBRO mask, you can breathe in more deeply without absorbing large amounts of oxygen. As a result, your lungs and your intercostal muscles need to work harder to absorb the required amount of oxygen, and so your diaphragm will be strengthened.
  • Shorten your workout time: Using the FDBO mask helps keep your body's lactate levels low and your body will not tire so easily. This will allow you to intensify your training session and reduce the actual training time - a higher quality workout in less time.
  • Improve Your Stamina: It's been scientifically proven that high mountain training improves endurance, so many athletes train against competitions in higher elevations. As the FDBRO mask simulates high altitude you can use it to improve your athletic performance.
  • Intensify Your Workouts: When your body gets used to a regular routine, you stop progressing. Therefore, it is necessary to vary the training and also to intensify and that is exactly what the FDBRO mask does for you. Increase the intensity with a quick hand movement and set the desired simulated height. Available levels are: 500 m, 1.000 m, 2.000 m, 3.000 m, 5.000 m and 6.000 m.
  • Conditioning Your Lungs: Creating respiratory resistance improves lung capacity, and benefits from the FDBRO Training Mask, including improved exercise performance, increased endurance, faster recovery, and greater resilience.
Bestseller no. 9
Lubur respirator mask FFP2 in a set of 5 - high-quality respirator in - perfectly adaptable dust mask - fine dust mask, dust mask against fine dust display
    • MOST EFFECTIVE RESPIRATORY PROTECTION - The Lubur mask covers the requirements of protection class FFP2. The innovative breathing valve of the protective mask effectively filters against dangerous particles and thus protects against permanent and serious diseases!
    • PERFECT FIT - The high-quality nose clip can adapt flexibly to any nose shape and perfectly protects against the ingress of dust particles. Due to the optimized padding, the breathing mask is particularly comfortable and does not cause pressure sores. For spectacle wearers the respiratory protection is also ideally suited!
    • QUALITY HIGH QUALITY - The dust protection mask goes through the strictest quality controls and has an environmentally friendly premium coating. Our tear-resistant elastic bands allow the fine dust mask to be put on safely!
    • UNIVERSAL APPLICABLE - The Lubur protective mask can be flexibly used in DIY or commercial work. Our respiratory protection is suitable for renovation and refurbishment work as well as for sawing and dusting!
    • MONEY BACK GUARANTEE - Our goal is to provide our customers with the highest level of quality. That's why our products undergo constant improvement processes. If you are not convinced of our quality, you will get your money back!
Bestseller no. 10
3M respirator half mask maintenance free, FFA1P2R D-Filters, 4251, EN safety certified
  • Effective and comfortable protection, high wearing comfort, easy handling
  • Easy to use
  • Increased service life
  • ready for use
  • Low breath resistance
No votes yet.
Please wait...